Am I At Risk for Glaucoma?

Jan 10, 2023 | Eye Diseases

Am I At Risk for Glaucoma? 

Glaucoma is a serious eye condition that affects millions of people around the world. It is a progressive and irreversible disease that can eventually lead to blindness. The good news is that it can be treated, but the key to successful treatment is catching it early. So, how do you know if you are at risk for glaucoma? In this blog, we’ll explore risk factors, signs and symptoms, and treatment options to help you avoid permanent damage and protect your vision.

Risk factors for glaucoma 

Glaucoma affects people of all ages, but there are certain risk factors that increase your chances of developing the disease. Some of these risk factors include:

  • Age (over 60)
  • African American heritage
  • Family history of glaucoma
  • Physical characteristics such as thin corneas or shallow anterior chambers
  • Certain medical conditions like diabetes and high blood pressure 

If you have any of these risk factors, it’s important to get regular eye exams to ensure early detection and treatment if necessary. 

Signs of glaucoma

Unfortunately, there are often no signs of glaucoma in its early stages, which is why it is so important to see an eye doctor regularly. However, several symptoms may indicate the presence of glaucoma including:

  • Gradual vision loss (usually starting with your peripheral vision)
  • Seeing halos around lights at night (especially when driving)
  • Headaches
  • Nausea
  • Eye pain or redness
  • Difficulty adjusting from light to dark environments

If you experience any of these symptoms and/or have one or more risk factors for glaucoma, then it is important to contact an eye doctor immediately.

Treatment options for glaucoma

If you are diagnosed with glaucoma, there are treatments available to prevent vision loss. Depending on the severity of the condition and how far it has progressed, your doctor will likely recommend one or more treatments including medications (eye drops and pills), laser therapy, and surgical procedures such as trabeculectomy or drainage implants (tube shunts). Each treatment option comes with its own unique set of risks and benefits; however, they all help reduce intraocular pressure which can help slow down the progression of this debilitating disease. 

By understanding your risks and getting regular checkups with an optometrist, you can catch any potential problems early on before they cause permanent damage. If you are at an increased risk of developing glaucoma, don’t hesitate to schedule an appointment with our optometrists today!